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Conditionals - 1,2,3 tryb warunkowy Drukuj Poleć znajomemu
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  • warunek możliwy do spełnienia

  • odnosi się do przyszłości lub teraźniejszości



IF + PRESENT tense, FUTURE tense


If he runs, he will get there in time.

The cat will scratch you if you pull her tail.


UNLESS =if+don’t/doesn’t


Unless you start at once, you will be late. =If you don’t start at once, you will be late.

I won’t be able to lift it unless you help me.

Unless she invites me, I’ll not come.



If the fog gets thicker, the plane may / might be diverted.

If it stops snowing we can go out.

If you want to lose weight you must / should eat less bread.


If you are looking for Tom, you will find him upstairs.

If he has written the letter I’ll post it.




  • warunek uznany za nierealny lub mało możliwy (tzw.’gdybanie’)

  • odnosi się do przyszłości lub teraźniejszości





If I had money I would buy a Rolls Royce.

If I were you I would help him.

If I lived near my office I wouldn’t be late for work.

If I weren’t so lazy I would pass the exam.


If I knew her number I could call her.

If you tried again you might succeed.


If I were going by boat I would feel much happier.

If I were on holiday I would be touring Italy now.




  • warunek niespełniony w przeszłości, okazja do jego spełnienia już minęła;



If I had known you were coming, I would have met you at the station.

( but I didn’t know so I didn’t come)

If he had treated her well she wouldn’t have left him.

We would have come if you had invited us.

If it hadn’t been so cold on Sunday, we would have gone for a walk.

If we had found him earlier we could/ might have saved his life.





If you had worked harder at school you wouldn’t clean the streets now.

3(before)                                                         2(now)


If she hadn’t sold the car, she wouldn’t have enough money to buy a flat.      

  1.                     3                                         2


If I were you I would have talked to her a long time ago.

  1.           2                        3


If he had taken my advice, he would be a rich man now.

  1.               3                                        2


If I had caught that plane, I would be dead now.

3                               2


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